The phenomenon of Schengen (Schengen came into force in Czechia 21. 12. 2007) is one example of the essential process of national decline and national significance (national) identity towards increased importance of regional (the concept of Europe of Regions) and transnational, resp. global structures. If you were entering Czechia into the Schengen area to take over border control institutions only at the external borders of the EU and partly by the declining importance of state and his control over national territory and then take control of the multinational, resp. transnational institutions (e.g. EU). The reality of the accession to the Schengen area is not even in the short term remain unanswered to take into account the reciprocity of universal and specific phenomena of spatial structures involved in the further development of not only the EU as a whole, but also the Czech border as a sub-section. The fall of border controls and the possibility of crossing the border at any place meant a significant change in terms of both the institution and for the people in border areas. Based on the declared types of the Czech border (Jerabek, Dokoupil, Havlicek et al. 2004) is to explore the ongoing transformation of existing typologies and how these factors make the changes. Schengen brings both new opportunities and potential threats and conflicts. According to the first probes into the border, however, shows that Schengen is for the Czech border firstly important opportunity for further development.

Area division
The research activities as such shall take place on various levels, and we shall attempt to cover the regional differentiation on the macro-, meso- and microlevels. The highest level is represented by the Czech borderlands and their relationship with nationwide structures (inland).

The realization of the project is suggested for the period of time of 4 years, according to which the schedule of activities is planned into four stages that are linked to one another.

The first stage (2009)
the deepening and development of the existing foreign contacts
the analysis of the respective data base, on the collection of data in the necessary extent in relation to facts, time frame and location
a topical set of maps (atlas) that shall be elaborated according to a unified method
the specification of the project design and in broader theoretical details that are necessary for the empirical survey itself
a workshop for the academic sector

The second stage (2010)
the evaluation of our own field surveys and researches, to qualitative and quantitative research
citizens (households) from the model regions (300 respondents from each region based on a quota selection)
cooperate with partner universities abroad in order to realize the said researches on the other side of the border
a conference for the practical sector

The third stage (2011)
the transition from the analytical to the synthetic approaches, to the generalization and comparison of the collected knowledge and their application in practice
case studies of model regions (districts, Euro-regions, mikroregion, twin-cities)
a international science conference

The final stage (2012)
focus on the publication and presentation on the complex level
the inclusion in the curriculum of the participating universities (geography departments)
the preparation and publication of a monograph in English language (or possibly in German language, considering some specific aspects)